by Sabri Lushi

The politics of the last two centuries is dominated by two words: revolution and terrorism, which are closely related to each other. Sometimes, terrorism seems to be a precursor to revolution while both aim at the same thing: the change of power.

One might argue that the French Revolution is a typical example. It is a combination of terrorism – people killing one another to the extent that it terrorized the whole French society, and, as the name denotes, revolution, which culminated with the execution of King Louis XVI in 1793. The moment when the blade of the guillotine chopped off the head of King Louis XVI, that marked the end of the French Monarchy and the fall of France. So, the war started as a revolt and acts of terrorism, which led to the formation of the French Republic and which meant a submission of France to the British Empire.

This combination of terrorism and revolution has appeared very frequently in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Bolshevik revolution was almost identical with the French civil war. It started with propaganda and terrorist attacks, which gradually developed into a full fledged civil war, and finally, the political change was achieved.

Iran and the Islamic revolution, Iraq and the formation of republic, the treason of Mustafa Kamal during the agony of the Ottoman Empire and the installation of the Turkish republic, the Chinese communist revolution, Cambodia, Guatemala, Cuba, Yugoslavia, Albania, Italy and the rise of Il Duce, Egypt and abolition of monarchy, and many other cases in Africa, Asia, South America and Europe provide consistent examples of a combination of terrorism – often known as guerilla war, and revolution.

In my view, the formation of the US Republic in 1776, which was a clear political game of the British Empire, provides the blue print for other guerilla wars, terrorism and revolutions, which get finalized with the formation of a republic.

So, clearly there is a connection between terrorism or guerilla wars, revolution and republic. Also, it is fair to say that the US Republic provides a political blue print for such revolutions and civil wars. At the same time, no one can deny the connection that exists between the formation of the US Republic in 1776 and the French Revolution, which led to the formation of the French Republic, 1793.

In my opinion, given the position of the British Empire and its increase in power in the 19th and 20th centuries, we can argue that terrorism, guerilla wars, revolution and the formation of republics coincide with the rise of the British Empire.

Can we say that guerilla wars, terrorism, revolution and republic are made in British? I think the answer is clear. Even today, we can obviously see who benefits from revolutions, uprisings, terrorism, violent protests and chaos. People are much smarter than we assume. The answer is clear: revolution and republic are made in British Empire. What about terrorism?

Sabri Lushi

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